The National Preparedness System diagram. Encircling the diagram is "Whole Community", "National Incident Management System (NIMS)", "Core Capabilities"Identifying & Assessing Risk Estimating Capability Requirements Building & Sustaining Capabilities Planning to Deliver Capabilities Validating Capabilities Reviewing & Updating


It is important to regularly review and update all capabilities, resources, and plans. Risks and resources evolve – and so should your preparedness efforts. This review should be based on a current risk assessment and use information gathered during the validation process. These reviews will provide a means to examine preparedness analyses; determine priorities; direct preparedness actions; calibrate goals and objectives; and closely monitor major programs that impact national preparedness.


  • Lessons Learned & Information Sharing (LLIS) – The LLIS system recently migrated to the Naval Postgraduate School’s Homeland Security Digital Library (HSDL). As part of the consolidation effort, nearly 23,000 documents were transferred to the HSDL.  Lessons Learned and Innovative Practices can be found by visiting

  • National Preparedness Report (NPR) – The NPR provides the Nation with practical insights on core capabilities that can inform decisions about program priorities, resource allocation, and community action.

In the future FEMA may provide and link to additional tools that aid in reviewing and updating.

Preparedness Cycle Diagram - Exercise to Evaluate/Improve to Plan to Organize/Equip to Train


Links to the Preparedness Cycle:

Evaluate & Improve: The review and updating of an organization’s capabilities relies on evaluation through validation activities that inform areas for improvement. In this phase, organizations collect lessons learned from real-world events and exercises, develop improvement plans, and track corrective actions to address gaps and deficiencies identified.