Every community should understand the risks it faces. Developing and maintaining an understanding of the variety of risks faced by communities and the Nation, and how this information can be used to build and sustain preparedness, are essential components of the National Preparedness System. By understanding its risks, a community can make smart decisions about how to manage risk, including developing needed capabilities.
- Additional reference materials include:
- CPG 201: Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment and Stakeholder Preparedness Review Guide
- Training: IS-2001: Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA)
(Currently under revision)
- Data and Analytical Tools to Support THIRA - Access a suite of publicly available data and analysis tools that support planners in the THIRA process.
Links to the Preparedness Cycle:
Plan: Identifying and assessing risk is integral to both strategic and operational planning. The results of a Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA) and Stakeholder Preparedness Review (SPR) and any other risk assessment should be used as a key input in an organization’s planning process.
Strategic and operational planning establishes priorities, identifies expected levels of performance and capability requirements, provides the standard for assessing capabilities, and helps stakeholders learn their roles. All plans need to be risk-informed.
It is important to understand and recognize the natural progression from Identifying and Assessing Risk into the next area of the NPS, Estimating Capability Requirements. CPG 201 addresses this progression by providing guidance on how to estimate resource requirements.
Core Capabilities – The National Preparedness Goal identifies 32 core capabilities across the five Mission Areas. Core Capabilities are distinct critical elements needed to achieve the goal and execute each Mission Area. Communities use the core capabilities to organize and establish their capability targets in the THIRA/SPR process.
|Public Information and Warning||♦||♦||♦||♦||♦|
|Intelligence and Information Sharing||♦||♦|
|Interdiction and Disruption||♦||♦|
|Screening, Search, and Detection||♦||♦|
|Forensics and Attribution||♦|
|Access Control and Identity Verification||♦|
|Physical Protective Measures||♦|
|Risk Management for Protection Programs and Activities||♦|
|Supply Chain Integrity and Security||♦|
|Long-Term Vulnerability Reduction||♦|
|Risk and Disaster Resilience Assessment||♦|
|Threats and Hazards Identification||♦|
|Environmental Response/Health and Safety||♦|
|Fatality Management Services||♦|
|Fire Management and Suppression||♦|
|Logistics and Supply Chain Management||♦|
|Mass Care Services||♦|
|Mass Search and Rescue Operations||♦|
|On-scene Security, Protection, and Law Enforcement||♦|
|Public Health, Healthcare, and Emergency Medical Services||♦|
|Health and Social Services||♦|
|Natural and Cultural Resources||♦|